The Bushehr Port is the center of Bushehr Province located by in the south of Iran by the Persian Gulf, between the Hormozgan and Khuzestan provinces. This wonderful city is a peninsula landform surrounded by the Persian Gulf from three sides and the Zagros Mountain range from the north. With amazing old city district, rich culture and ancient history, Bushehr is one of the exquisite and diverse cities of Iran which is now becoming a great winter destination among travelers who visit Iran.
Bushehr - Iran
The historical background of Bushehr Port
The city of Bushehr had various names throughout history, the oldest one of which was Lian. According to the excavations in 1913, this peninsula was named Lian (meaning: the bright sunlight) during the Ilamite era. This city also had other names like Reyshahr, Ram Ardeshir, Naderi Port, etc. One of the biggest civilizations of this region during the Achaemenid Era was named the Lian civilization. The city of Bushehr is about 5000 years old and it was an important governmental center during the Ilamite era (3000 BC). It is also said that the city of Bushehr was founded by Ardeshir I, the Sassanid king, and the remains of the city known as Reyshahr is located 8 kilometres away from the current city.
Historical photo of Bushehr
Bushehr Old City
Bushehr old city or the historical district of Bushehr is 38 hectares and is considered as one of the most significant historical city districts with residential houses in whole Iran. Bushehr Old City includes four different neighbourhoods named Behbahani, Dehdashti, Kuti, and Shanbedi all located in the heart of the city of Bushehr. Each neighbourhood was resided by a specific tribe or family. This city district dates back to Afsharid Era, however its zenith was during the Zand Era, because of being close to Shiraz, the capital of Zand dynasty.
Bushehr old city
The mansions and houses of Bushehr old cities are characterized with unique and amazing features that are found nowhere else. This architecture style is known as Beyt Milani. The main materials include stone, wood, and stucco, and different parts of the historical district are the entrance, central courtyard, rooms, balcony and “ShenaShir”, which is a wooden balcony which connects the rooms and also helps reducing the temperature inside the house. Other parts inclure awnings, Baadgir (wind tower), and stained glass windows which is an elegant ornament of Bushehr houses. Walking through the old city district is one of the main things to do in Bushehr. After taking a walk through the narrow alleys of the old city, sit at a cozy café where locals gather every night, play music, and sing Khayyam poems which is a famous old tradition in Bushehr.
Khayyam Khani in Bushehr
Bushehr Malek Mansion
The Malek Mansion is a historical building and one of the most famous attractions of Bushehr, built during the Qajar Dynasty (18th – 19th century). This construction was built by the order of Muhammad Malek ol-Tojjar, a wealthy guy who migrated from Kazerun to Bushehr and rooted in this city. After his trip to France, Malek ol Tojjar ordered the construction of the Malek Mansion which is a combination of Bushehr traditional architecture and a French Palace he got impressed by. This project was done by a group of French architectures. This mansion is a 4000-meter-square area, with ivans, balconies, columns, and amazing wooden doors. Later this mansion was used as a military dormitory by the England army, and then it was used for accommodating locals during the eight year Iran-Iraq war. This beautiful and historical mansion has got amended and renovated for several times.
Malek Mansion - Bushehr
Foods to try in Bushehr
Chilly, spicy and delicious, Bushehr foods should not be missed while you are in this city. This city has a very rich culinary and because of being located by the Persian Gulf, it includes various sea foods. Below are some the most delicious and famous foods to try in Bushehr.
Ghalyeh is the most famous cuisine of southern Iran. This stew is made with herbs like coriander onion, a lot of garlic, tamarine and traditional spice, and then it is added with fried fish or shrimp. Ghalyeh Meygoo (with shrimp) and Ghalyeh Mahi (with fish) are both served with rice.
This famous local food is pieces of fried fish slow-cooked with rice, beans, aromatic herbs, onion, garlic, local spice, etc.
Yatimak or Yatimcheh is vegetarian and healthy Bushehri cuisine which is also made in some other cities of Iran. This tasty and simple food is made with chopped eggplant, onion, cooked beans, tamarine, spice, and is slow-cooked until all ingredients are done.